Tuesday, May 26, 2020
Sample details Pages: 4 Words: 1197 Downloads: 6 Date added: 2019/06/24 Category Art Essay Level High school Tags: Romanticism Essay Did you like this example? William Wordsworth, the Ã¢â¬Å"fatherÃ¢â¬ of British Romanticism, has been called a poet of spiritual and epistemological speculation in addition to being concerned with the human relationship to nature (Brodsky). Before embarking in the art of poetry, Wordsworth started and lived his early life very close to his family. He attended Hawkshead Grammar School, where it is believed that he began to practice poetry. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "William Wordsworth: Father Of British Romanticism" essay for you Create order However, at the age of eight, his mother passed away. Soon after, his father passed too, leaving him an orphan along with his other four siblings. This was the source of inspiration dealing with much of his later work regarding religion and childlike innocence. After his primary schooling, Wordsworth attended St. JohnÃ¢â¬â¢s College in Cambridge. In his last semester of school, he travelled throughout Europe during the era of the French Revolution. His experience in college and on his adventures greatly influenced his poetry dealing with political sensibility and the Ã¢â¬Å"Common Man. His earliest poetry was published in 1793 in Ã¢â¬Å"An Evening Walk and Descriptive Sketches. This was a solo project. Soon after, he wrote Ã¢â¬Å"Lyrical BalladsÃ¢â¬ in 1795 with Samuel Taylor ColeridgeÃ¢â¬â¢s aid. These poems became some of the most influential in Western Literature (Poets). In turn, Coleridge and Wordsworth were said to be the creators of British Romantic poetry. British Romanticism was an era of literature that lasted from 1800-1850. It started during rebellions and violence throughout Europe, so while focused on nature, most poets believed they were chosen to Ã¢â¬Å"guideÃ¢â¬ others through the changes and turmoil. As a way to incite hope, poets believed something existed beyond the physical world. They used this to write about supernatural energy and beauty. The poet also believed they were only at Ã¢â¬Å"peace in natureÃ¢â¬ (the British Library). Specifically, William Wordsworth believed poetry should be democratic, and he advocated for the common man. For this reason, he tried to give a voice to those who tended to be marginalized and oppressed by society. This included the poor, discharged soldiers, widowed women, the Ã¢â¬Å"insane, and children (The British Library). However, as he grew older, he became more conservative in his outlook. Because of this, he was ridiculed for Ã¢â¬Å"selling outÃ¢â¬ to the Establishment during the revolutions. This led him to begin writing more about the spirituality of nature rather than politics. Some of WordsworthÃ¢â¬â¢s most popular poems have dealt with the politics and revolutions occurring during the peak years of British Romanticism. In his poem titled Ã¢â¬Å"London, 1802Ã¢â¬ , Wordsworth explored the loss of English morals and tradition. Throughout the poem he used an apostrophe by the name of Ã¢â¬Å"MiltonÃ¢â¬ , and he explained that he believed the deceased Ã¢â¬Å"MiltonÃ¢â¬ can give the lost foundation back to England through his writing. His lines of Ã¢â¬Å"Milton! Thou should be living at this hour: / England hath need of thee: she is a fen / Of stagnant waters: altar, sword, and penÃ¢â¬ (Wordsworth) utilize an apostrophe, while describing the predicament England is in. Through these lines, he explains that England needs Milton as Ã¢â¬Å"sheÃ¢â¬ has different altars (religion), sword (military), and pen (art) then when Milton was there assisting the arts, and Wordsworth believed that the time Milton was on Earth was better. Through his symbols of a ltars, swords, and pens, Wordsworth conveyed that he thought that England had lost their tradition and values during the European revolutions and that Milton could help. Additionally, Wordsworth wrote the political piece titled Ã¢â¬Å"Character of the Happy WarriorÃ¢â¬ , written in the trochaic tetrameter, that explored the characteristics of a good, English, common man. Wordsworth describes men of power and explores the theme, how strong leaders can repair a broken society, through his use of symbolism and spiritual rhetoric. He questions who the Ã¢â¬Å"Happy WarriorÃ¢â¬ is, continuing on to answer his own question throughout his work. He says that the Ã¢â¬Å"Happy WarriorÃ¢â¬ has Ã¢â¬Å"high endeavours of an inward light / That makes the path before him always brightÃ¢â¬ (Wordsworth). Along with this, he describes them as men that Ã¢â¬Å"rise to the station of command / On honorable termsÃ¢â¬ (Wordsworth) and men that Ã¢â¬Å"do not stoop, nor lie in wait / For wealth, or honours, or for wordly stateÃ¢â¬ (Wordsworths). These lines describe the ideal character of a strong, powerful, representative English man, specifically a politic ian, that would give his nation honor. His poems not only call on the morals of his country and ask if they are there, but they also help out the marginalized groups of England. The effects of the French and the Industrial Revolution on the common people was prevalent in WordsworthÃ¢â¬â¢s writing, and he was keen on portraying lives of common people, including children, making it realistic and representative of of authentic contemporary society (Choudhury). However, it can be argued that some of WordsworthÃ¢â¬â¢s most vital poems deal with his use of political positions, like ones advocating for the respect of oppressed children alongside his use of nature and spiritual beauty to portray marginalized groups in a new light. For example, Wordsworth writes about children in Ã¢â¬Å"Ode: Intimations of ImmortalityÃ¢â¬ . It is argued that this poem is about Ã¢â¬Å"the natural insight and purity of the childÃ¢â¬ before he/she ages (Eager). There is simplicity to the rhetoric, almost childlike, that is essential to showing that the poem is about children while using themes derived from nature and spirit. However, as the poem goes on, the writing gets stronger and Wordsworth questions what happens to the innocence and dreamlike quality children have in the lines stating Ã¢â¬Å"Whither is fled the visionary gleam? / Where is it now, the glory and the dream?Ã¢â¬ (Wordsworth). He argued that this diminishes as we age and the children abandon God as they age in the lines that say Ã¢â¬Å"Our birth is but a sleep and a forgetting: / The Soul that rises with us, our lifeÃ¢â¬â¢s Star / Hath elsewhere had its setting, / And cometh from afar: / Not in entire forgetfulness, / And not in utter nakedness, / But trailing clouds of glory do we come / From God, who is our homeÃ¢â¬ (Wordsworth). He also states that Ã¢â¬Å"There was a time when meadow, grove, and stream, / The earth and every common sight, / To me did seem / Appar eled in celestial light, / The glory and freshness of a dream. / It is not now as it hath been of yore;Ã¢â¬â / Turn wheresoeÃ¢â¬â¢er I may, / By night or day, / The things which I have seen I now can see no more.Ã¢â¬ (Wordsworth). In his lines describing the past, Wordsworth is arguing that the children stray further from God because of English values and strict religious policies, not because of their own faults. In this argument, he pleads that this is not the England he knew. Collectively, Wordsworth argued that the only way to regain the true foundational policies of England is to reevaluate the countrys morals at the time. His writing that advocated for marginalized groups and questioned the Establishment using natural and spiritual elements of British Romanticism has been his most impactful, and arguably most important. It truly was used to guide citizens through the turmoil of the constantly changing society, giving off a sense of hope and prosperity if one looks for the Ã¢â¬Å"lightÃ¢â¬ and puts their trust in spirit and natural beauty.
Friday, May 15, 2020
COIT20248: Information Systems Analysis and Design Term1, 2015 Assessment 1 - Systems Development Lecturer: Tutor: Prepared by: Student Name Student ID Contents 1 Introduction 2 2 Approaches to Systems Development 3 3 System Requirements 4 4. Project Cost Benefit Analysis 6 5. Project Schedule 8 6. System Information Requirement Investigation Techniques 9 7. Reflections and Conclusions 10 8. References 11 1 Introduction Aim of the Report: The main focus of this report is build a new system from scratch for Broadway bookshop which can solve the problems which the company facing with their present system. By this report we will elaborate new systemÃ¢â¬â¢s functionality, get their requirements for desired system by different techniques and will prepare a planning for the system using MS Project software. The company is facing problems like duplication of records due to no proper record system, Customer dissatisfaction due to lake of accuracy in scheduling system and so on. AWSIG will prove a system by which all the problems facing by Broadway bookshop will solve and help them gain customer satisfaction which will help them gain market value of their services and company. 2 Approaches to Systems Development There are various methods to approach to system development including Joint application design and prototyping. After reviewing many methods we found JAD is more appropriate method to approach to systems development. JAD adjustsShow MoreRelatedInformation Systems Analysis And Design2008 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesCOIT20248: Information Systems Analysis and Design COIS 20025: Systems Development Overview Term2, 2015 Assessment 1 - Systems Development Lecturer: Jha, Meena Tutor: Tao, Aries Prepared by: Your Name: Anand Sagar Koneti Your Student Number: S0268609 Table of Contents 1 Introduction 4 1.1 Objectives 4 2 Approach to systems development 4 2.1 Methodologies 4 2.2 Model 4 2.3 Tools 5 2.4 Techniques 5 Justification for chosen approach 5 3 Systems requirements 6 3.1 Functional requirementsRead MoreAdvanced Information Systems Analysis And Design3360 Words Ã |Ã 14 PagesISM 6124 - ADVANCED INFORMATION SYSTEMS ANALYSIS AND DESIGN QUIZ 1 - FALL SEMESTER 2014 Quiz 1 is a take home, open-book quiz consisting of five questions. The quiz will be posted on the ISM 6124 site in Canvas under Assignments. The quiz will be available for downloading at noon on Wednesday, October 1. 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Module 2: Systems Analysis and Design Life Cycle (3) Requirements determinationRead MoreDesigning Web Based Information Systems Essay1189 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesSoftware Knowledge Engineering Lab, IIT, NCSR Demokritos, working on Multimedia Information Extraction, attempts to define the seemingly straightforward process of web based information systems in his 1998 article. Even though information technologies, especially in web design are ever-changing, Takahashi brings up some futuristic concepts that set standards in the procedures needed to design a successful web-based information technology that meets the needs of the customer. This article talks a lotRead MoreThe Systems Development Life Cycle1391 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"The systems development life cycle (SDLC) is the process of determining how an information system (IS) can support business needs, designing the system, building it, and delivering it to usersÃ¢â¬ . There are several approaches (models) to the SDLC but purpose of the each approach is the same. Each and every process comprises of phases: Planning phase, Analysis phase, Design phase, Implementation phase, and Maintenance phase. The Planning phase is phase related to the planning of the system suchRead MoreA Description Of The Core Activities Within The Software Development Process1472 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesRequirements 2. Design 3. Implementation 4. Testing / verification 5. Documentation 6. Maintenance An explanation of the distinction between systems analysis and systems design and a description of the activities involved in each System development can generally be thought of having two major components: systems analysis and systems design. In System Analysis more emphasis is given to understanding the details of an existing system or a proposed one and then deciding whether the proposed system is desirableRead MoreSystem Development Life Cycle666 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesSTAGE 1 Systems Planning Stage Topic Chapter 2 Analyzing the Business Case Deliverable Preliminary investigation report Toolkit Support Primary tools: Communications, financial analysis, and project management tool Other tool as required. Systems Planning is the first of five stage in the systems development life cycle (SDLC). In this stage, you will learn how IT projects get started and how a system analyst evaluates a proposed project and determine its feasibility. A system analystÃ¢â¬â¢sRead Moretech summary Essay examples1464 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesÃ¯ » ¿CHAPTER 13 1. How does building new systems produce organizational change? Ã¢â¬ ¢ Describe each of the four kinds of organizational change that can be promoted with information technology. 1Ã¯ ¼â°Automation: improve efficiency and make manual steps not required 2Ã¯ ¼â°Rationalization: Streamline standard operating procedures 3Ã¯ ¼â°Business process reengineering: Analyze, simplify, and redesign business processes 4Ã¯ ¼â°Paradigm shifts: Rethink the nature of the business and the nature of organization. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Define businessRead MoreBuilding Information Modeling ( Bim )854 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesBuilding Information Modeling (BIM): Uses Future of BIM in construction Industry CON 524 Ã¢â¬â Building information Modeling Mohammed Murtuza Ali Date: 05-09-2014 ABSTRACT Building information modeling is a coordinated set of processes which is supported by technology for digital representation of physical and functional characteristics of places. It is a process that relies on information rich models to help owners and Architectural/Engineering/Construction (AEC) service providers to more efficientlyRead MoreRocky Mountain Outfitters1084 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesprocessing systems in order to handle their phone orders (Chapter 2 2004). RMO provides a Web site featuring its products and nearly all product offered are included in an on-line catalog posted on the Web site, but at this present time, orders could only be placed by mail or by phone. To be able to support the sales properly and not incounter unreliable service, inventory shortages, occasional double billing, and poorly handled returns, RMO decided to think carefully about their entire information technology
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Honorable Betrayal The William Shakespeare play The Tragedy of Julius Caesar tells the story of the assassination of Julius Caesar and the eight conspirators behind it. The play takes place in 44 B.C. in Rome. Marcus Brutus is the protagonist and face-man of the insidious conspiracy. He is also the tragic hero in this classic work of literature. AristotleÃ¢â¬â¢s definition of the tragic hero is a character that has a character flaw, also known as hubris, and experiences a downfall from a high position in society due to this flaw. After this downfall, a tragic hero experiences an enlightenment. Brutus fits AristotleÃ¢â¬â¢s description perfectly. Brutus has a severe character flaw and experiences a downfall from a high position in society.Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Caesar truly believed Brutus was a friend; Brutus again wrongly judges CaesarÃ¢â¬â¢s character. The last misjudgment of character Brutus has is the misjudgment of AntonyÃ¢â¬â¢s true motives in CaesarÃ¢â¬ â¢s funeral speech. Brutus tells Antony, Ã¢â¬Å"You shall not in your funeral speech blame us, / But speak all good you can devise of Caesar,Ã¢â¬ (945). Antony agrees to everything Brutus tells him, but secretly he plans on manipulating the crowd to turn on Brutus and Cassius. This misjudgment of character leads to a war between the Roman Empire and BrutusÃ¢â¬â¢s armies. This character flaw, however, ultimately leads to the downfall of Brutus. The downfall of Brutus begins to occur as soon as he makes the decision to kill Caesar. Due to the character flaw of misjudgment of character, Brutus makes the decision to kill Caesar, which leads to his downfall. The first loss he experiences is the loss of a friend, not an adversary, who happens to be Caesar. Brutus truly does love Caesar, but kills him for love of his country. Right before Brutus dies he says: Ã¢â¬Å"Caesar, now be still. / I killed not thee with half so good a will,Ã¢â¬ (997). Brutus speaks his dying words to Caesar, saying that he killed himself more willingly than he killed Caesar. It is obvious tha t he cared about Caesar. The second loss he experiences is the loss of his wife Portia. He tells Cassius: Ã¢â¬Å"Impatient of my absence / And grief that young Octavius with MarkShow MoreRelatedEssay on Julius Caesar578 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages How Betrayal Led to Downfall in Julius Caesar nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;In the play, The Tragedy of Julius Caesar, William Shakespeare shows how friends often betray each other. Julius Caesar is about to be crowned king of Rome, when some well-known Romans decide that it is not a good idea for this to happen. They form a conspiracy and kill Caesar. Brutus, an honorable Roman and a very good friend of CaesarÃ¢â¬â¢s, betrays Caesar by killing him for the good of Rome. Antony, CaesarÃ¢â¬â¢s best friendRead MoreOroonokoÃ¢â¬â¢s Honorable Downfall1433 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesmany paradoxes in her text Oroonoko or the Royal Slave. One of the many paradoxes she utilizes is the one that applies to her hero, Oroonoko; he is an honorable hero, who is also a naÃ ¯ve fool. Oroonoko was born into royalty and led a career as a valiant and just warrior. Reared for this life, Oroonoko has a character that is intrinsically honorable following his code of loyalty and honesty. His code of honor and love of truth is admirable, but it leads h im being betrayed throughout the narrativeRead MoreRhetoric and Betrayal in Julius Caeser Play1486 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWilliam ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s famous play Julius Caesar utilizes the literary element of rhetoric multiple times throughout to show the true power that words can hold. The rhetoric in Caesar accompanies the playÃ¢â¬â¢s themes of betrayal, deception, and exaggeration. Brutus uses rhetoric to persuade the crowd of plebeians that the murdering of Caesar was positive and beneficial to all of Rome, winning their support and causing them to join his cause. Soon after, Mark Antony gives a terrifically-persuasive speechRead MoreTragic Heroes of Rome809 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesCaesar is dead, Mark Antony is powerless. The fall of a tragic hero is a major part in the characterÃ¢â¬â¢s enlightenment. At the beginning of Act I, Brutus stood with Caesar at Senate hearings and was his best friend. He was well respected and an honorable man. Yet after the assassination Brutus and Cassius leave town fast as the can because Mark Antony had turned the angry mob against them. After his speech a servant tells Antony that Octavius has just arrived in Rome and that Brutus and Cassius hasRead MoreRhetoric in Julius Caesar790 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagessense, Mark Antony indirectly calls Brutus an unkind man. The repetition of calling the murderers honorable men makes a sense of sarcasm in the speech. Ã¢â¬Å"Yet Brutus says he was ambitious, and Brutus is an honorable man.Ã¢â¬ (3.2/ 93) Style and delivery distorts the truth about Brutus and the murderers without insulting or blaming them directly. Each time he mentions Brutus and the traitors as an honorable men they seem more like dishonorable men and soone r or later the people pick up on this, makingRead MoreDefense Mechanisms By Julius Caesar And Othello Essay941 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesdefense mechanisms such as repression, denial, and projection even before FreudÃ¢â¬â¢s theory on such mechanisms came to fruition. Additionally, Shakespeare provides evidence of betrayal as its own definitive defense mechanism, proving that it is in fact human nature to betray others. Julius Caesar is a story of conspiracy and betrayal that ultimately lead to the murder of Caesar. Upon returning from war, Caesar receives a warning to Ã¢â¬Å"Beware the ides of MarchÃ¢â¬ (1.2.20), an obvious foreshadowing of eventsRead MoreJulius Caesar Language Analysis745 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagescried, Caesar hath wept; Ambition should be made of sterner stuff. Yet Brutus says he was ambitious; and Brutus is an honorable man. You all did see that on the Lupercal I thrice presented him a kingly crown, which he did thrice refuse. Was this ambition? Yet Brutus says he was ambitious; and sure he is an honorable man.Ã¢â¬ He sort of kissed up to Brutus with saying constantly how honorable he was but also praising Caesar and saying how he wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t ambitious, but if Brutus said so then it must be so. HimRead MoreThe Honorable Odysseus of Homers Odyssey Essay721 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages The Honorable Odysseus nbsp; When Odysseus returned home to his wife and son, he took a very brutal approach to rid his home of the suitors who had invaded his household.nbsp; This revenge was also taken out upon the servants and maids who had been unfaithful to Penelope and had slept with the suitors.nbsp; Some may say this punishment was too harsh, and made Odysseus less than an honorable man.nbsp; However, OdysseusÃ¢â¬â¢s actions were justifiable. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Read MoreHamlet Betrayal1216 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesloved you. Betrayal is an act of disloyalty and it is violating someones trust. In the play Hamlet by William Shakespeare, betrayal is a reoccurring action between many characters. This play shows the audience different types of betrayal that are imaginable, from a husband betraying his wife, a boyfriend betraying his girlfriend and a mother betraying the son and father. These actions of betrayal hurt the people that are most loved and destroys them where it most hurts in the end. Betrayal is one ofRead MoreMark Antony Speech Analysis1109 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagescitizens to mourn for Caesar, thus, turning them against the conspirators. Likewise, the use of ethos, or an ethical appeal, is present is the speech. For instance, Antony plays on the fact that Caesar loved Brutus and it demonstrates the extent of betrayal that the conspirators have, Ã¢â¬Å"Brutus, as you know, was CaesarÃ ¢â¬â¢s angel./ Judge, O you gods, how dearly Caesar loved him!Ã¢â¬ (3.2.178-179). By conveying this to the Roman people, Antony points out the fact that Caesar was abandoned by his best friend
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Despite recent reforms on the law of murder and voluntary manslaughter; including the special defence of diminished responsibility and loss of control, there are still inconsistencies present making the law unsatisfactory. This area of the law is in Ã¢â¬Ëdire need of reformÃ¢â¬â¢; as pointed out by the Law Commission in their 2006 report; Murder, Manslaughter and infanticide. The report stated how Ã¢â¬ËThe Law governing homicide in England and Wales is a rickety structure built upon shaky foundations. Ã¢â¬â¢ One of the main areas pointed out by the Law Commission was the bit by bit development of the law leading to a lack of coherence. This lack of coherence can be seen in the uncertain meaning of Ã¢â¬ËintentionÃ¢â¬â¢. Intention is a vital element of murder in regards to proving D having the sufficient mens rea. Despite multiple attempts by the House of Lords to explain what effect foresight of consequences has; s8 CJA 1967 it is still unclear. In Moloney it was ruled foresight of consequences was not intention; it was only evidence from which intention could be inferred. However, in the case of Woolin the HoL spoke of intention being found from foresight of consequences. This left it unclear whether it is a substantive rule of law or a rule of evidence and the following case of Mathews ad Alleyne confused matters more after stating there was little difference between the two. In my view this could be resolved if a definition of foresight of consequences was provided in a statutory definition; making applying the law easier for juryÃ¢â¬â¢s. The Law Commission also pointed out that when Parliament passed the Homicide Act in 1957 they had never intended a killing to amount to murder unless the D realised his conduct might cause death. However, currently where D intends to cause GBH, regardless of whether he is aware of the risk of death, the D can still be guilty of murder; Vickers. This has been criticised as far back at 1981 in the case of Cunningham, in which Lord Edmond Davies expressed the need for Parliament to change the law. In my opinion There also remains an issue in regards to euthanasia; known as a Ã¢â¬Ëmercy killingÃ¢â¬â¢. Under present law where a D kills a V who wants to die but cannot take their own life; they are to be found guilty of murder; carrying a minimum of 15 years imprisonment. Despite doctors being able to withdraw treatment; Airedale NHS Trust v Bland, and the DPP setting out guidelines on sentencing; under the obligation set out in s2(1) Prosecution of Offences ACT 1985. There are still situations the guideline code does not cover; as seen in R(on the application of Purdy) v DPP. To me, the legalisation of euthanasia combined with a statutory definition, (maintaining criminal liability for killings for financial gains etc), is the most logical and just solution. This has already been proved to work effectively in the Nertherlands. Another criticism made is the lack of defence for when excessive force is used. Where the D acts in self-defence or in the prevention of a crime, providing he uses Ã¢â¬Ëreasonable force in the circumstancesÃ¢â¬â¢, the D is not guilty of an offence. However, where the D uses excessive force the D is guilty of murder, creating an Ã¢â¬Ëall or nothingÃ¢â¬â¢ effect. This has led to unjust outcomes in cases such as Clegg and Martin (Anthony). Like many I believe where the D has an honest, but unjustified, belief as to the degree of force needed, he should not be treated as a Ã¢â¬ËtrueÃ¢â¬â¢ murdererÃ¢â¬â¢; with a manslaughter conviction appearing more just; providing the judge with discretion in sentencing. Additionally, the lack of defence of duress for murder has also been criticised. Duress is whereby D is threatened with death or serious injury so that they commit a crime. Currently this defence can be used for all offences apart from murder. Giving a mandatory life sentence to someone who does not Ã¢â¬ËwantÃ¢â¬â¢ to commit an offence seems unjust. For this reason I agree with the Law CommissionÃ¢â¬â¢s proposal that a D can plead the defence of duress if they had no realistic opportunity to seek police protection and showed the courage of an ordinary person. Currently if a D aged 18 or over is convicted of murder, the judge must pass a mandatory sentence of life imprisonment. For offenders aged 10-17 found guilty of murder, the judge must order that they are detained at Her MajestyÃ¢â¬â¢s Pleasure. The fact the sentencing is mandatory and the judge has no discretion leaves a lack of ability to sentence according to blameworthiness, unlike all other offences which have discretion in sentencing; Gotts. This lack of differentiation between blameworthiness is further emphasised by the GovernmentÃ¢â¬â¢s sentencing guidelines laid down in the Criminal Justice Act 2003. Under this act in cases of murders of police officers or murders involving firearms D should receive a 30 year sentence. However, in cases like that of Martin (Anthony) such a sentence would appear unjust. With regards to the issues mentioned above the Law Commission proposed that murder should be reformed by dividing it up into two separate offences; first degree murder; and second degree murder. First degree murder would cover cases where the D intended to kill and where D intended to inflict serious harm and was aware of the risk of death. Second degree murder would include cases where the D intended to do serious harm but was not aware there was a risk of death. This system would allow the judge to enforce a mandatory life sentence for first degree murder but provide discretion in sentencing for second degree murder. This is a system I consider to be far more effective at provide just retribution. However, in 2008 the Government issued a consultation paper that rejected the Law CommissionÃ¢â¬â¢s proposal of a two-tier offence. In fact the only area the Government accepted the need for reform was the need for a defence when excessive force was used in self-defence. This reform was implemented through the Coroners and Justice Act 2009 which laid out the defence of Ã¢â¬Ëloss of controlÃ¢â¬â¢. Despite the introduction of the defence for Ã¢â¬Ëloss of controlÃ¢â¬â¢ by the Government, criticisms have even been made of the defence. In fact the Law Commission proposed removing the loss of control criteria completely as it allowed woman in abusive relationships to kill through Ã¢â¬Ëa combination of anger, fear and frustration. Ã¢â¬â¢ Additionally, sexual infidelity is no longer allowed as a qualifying trigger for the defence. Yet the defence of provocation was largely created for just such situations. Finally, the Ã¢â¬Ëfear of serious violenceÃ¢â¬â¢ qualifying trigger was added largely as a result of the lack of a defence in the cases of Clegg and Martin (Anthony). However, the requirement that D must have lost self-control may make it more difficult for such defendants to use the defence. Problems also still remain in the special defence of diminished responsibility, despite the fact the Coroners and Justice Act has resolved many of the old problems. A main point is that the burden of proof should not be placed the defendant; in most cases the D only has to raise the point and the prosecution must disprove it. This could in fact be a breach of Art 6(2) of the European Convention on Human Rights which states that Ã¢â¬Ëeveryone charged with a criminal offence shall be presumed innocent until proven guiltyÃ¢â¬â¢. In addition, the Law Commission also recommended that developmental immaturity in those under 18 should be included within the definition of DR. The Government held that there was no need to include it on the basis that learning disabilities and autism spectrum disorders were already included in the definition. However, as developmental immaturity is different, potentially a 10 year old suffering from developmental immaturity could be convicted of murder. In conclusion, it is apparent the current law is in need of further reform to provide greater coherence and more justice in cases across the board. Like Sir Jeremy Horder I believe the proposed reforms from the Law Commission are very sensible and could provide a greater element of justice in the legal system. However, it appears that enthusiasm towards change is minimal and any future reform will be a gradual process.
Tuesday, April 14, 2020
Wednesday, March 11, 2020
Is Tupac Truly dead? Or is it an escape from the media and life as a gangster? Tupac Shakur is the most known rapier in the world. His rhymes did play a big part in him becoming famous, but the controversy of his death is what has made him so well known across the world. He is to hip-hop as Elvis is to rock & roll. Both of there fans still believe there alive and try to prove it all the time. Are there really secret messages in TupacÃ¢â¬â¢s lyrics, was his death planed out or was it all a tragic incident taking one of the music industries top performers. Tupac Shakur signed to death row records in the late 80Ã¢â¬â¢s. He had released 7 albums and was releasing his 8th on September 16 1996. He was found sleeping with fellow rapier Biggies wife in early 1996 which caused a massive feud between the east coast and west cost hip hop industries. Mid 1996 Tupac during an interview said he wanted to get out of the spot light and gangster life for good. Tupac Shakur had front row seats to the Mike Tyson fight Saturday September 6 1996 at the MGM Grand in Las Vegas. The fight lasted for roughly 123sec.Tupac was one of the last people to leave the fight. When he got to the parking garage he was shot 5 times, and unfortunately this was the 1 night he didnÃ¢â¬â¢t have on his bulletproof vest. He was rushed to a nearby hospital where the press wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t allowed. He lived the 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th 12th and died the 13th. During those 7 days there was never a picture taken of him in the hospital. His official time of death was 4:03 pm, causing many people to unite and mourn the loss of him. Tupac had raped about being buried but was scheduled to be cremated Sept 14th only a day after his death. The press was told it would be a private funeral for immediate family only, but later that day the funeral was canceled leaving Afeni Shakur the only person to see him dead. The 16th his new album was released called the 7 day theory. The cover featured Tupac crucifi... Free Essays on Tupac Shakur Free Essays on Tupac Shakur Is Tupac Truly dead? Or is it an escape from the media and life as a gangster? Tupac Shakur is the most known rapier in the world. His rhymes did play a big part in him becoming famous, but the controversy of his death is what has made him so well known across the world. He is to hip-hop as Elvis is to rock & roll. Both of there fans still believe there alive and try to prove it all the time. Are there really secret messages in TupacÃ¢â¬â¢s lyrics, was his death planed out or was it all a tragic incident taking one of the music industries top performers. Tupac Shakur signed to death row records in the late 80Ã¢â¬â¢s. He had released 7 albums and was releasing his 8th on September 16 1996. He was found sleeping with fellow rapier Biggies wife in early 1996 which caused a massive feud between the east coast and west cost hip hop industries. Mid 1996 Tupac during an interview said he wanted to get out of the spot light and gangster life for good. Tupac Shakur had front row seats to the Mike Tyson fight Saturday September 6 1996 at the MGM Grand in Las Vegas. The fight lasted for roughly 123sec.Tupac was one of the last people to leave the fight. When he got to the parking garage he was shot 5 times, and unfortunately this was the 1 night he didnÃ¢â¬â¢t have on his bulletproof vest. He was rushed to a nearby hospital where the press wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t allowed. He lived the 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th 12th and died the 13th. During those 7 days there was never a picture taken of him in the hospital. His official time of death was 4:03 pm, causing many people to unite and mourn the loss of him. Tupac had raped about being buried but was scheduled to be cremated Sept 14th only a day after his death. The press was told it would be a private funeral for immediate family only, but later that day the funeral was canceled leaving Afeni Shakur the only person to see him dead. The 16th his new album was released called the 7 day theory. The cover featured Tupac crucifi... Free Essays on Tupac Shakur Tupac Shakur (2Pac) Tupac Shakur was born in Brooklyn, NY in 1971. Early in his life, he moved to Baltimore, ND, where he attended The Baltimore School, Tupac led a lasting impression on his teachers and was showing tremendous potential. Unfortunately, Tupac was unable to continue his training. He moved to Oakland, California with the rest of his family. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s when Tupac began hanging with the wrong crowd. Tupac later got into the rap and acting business, he was dedicated to both rap/hiphop and acting. Tupac was very real, whatever was on his mind he said it in his lyrics. Not held back by his lack of formal education, Tupac joined the Rap group Digital Underground as a dancer. Not long before the group achieved award-winning success, Tupac released his own album Ã¢â¬Å"2pacalypse nowÃ¢â¬ , which was also a success. The hit single Ã¢â¬Å"BrendaÃ¢â¬â¢s Got A BabyÃ¢â¬ launched TupacÃ¢â¬â¢s career like a rocket. His stunning talent also hot him a role in the motion picture Ã¢â¬Å"JuiceÃ¢â ¬ . Tupac eventually released a second album Ã¢â¬Å"Strictly for my Niggaz,Ã¢â¬ which was an even bigger success. The highlight of TupacÃ¢â¬â¢s acting career came when he appeared in Ã¢â¬Å"Poetic JuiceÃ¢â¬ besides Janet Jackson. The role Jackson 2 made Tupac a household name and showed the world that music may not be TupacÃ¢â¬â¢s number one thing. In the midst of a role in the movie Ã¢â¬Å"Above the RimÃ¢â¬ and a Platinum album Ã¢â¬Å"Me against the world,Ã¢â¬ TupacÃ¢â¬â¢s rising career was snagged. A woman he met at a nightclub brought him up on sexual assault charges. Hours before Tupac would be found guilty, men whose intent and purpose is still uncertain robbed Tupac at gunpoint. Tupac was eventually released at over $1 Million in bail. After his release, Tupac answered his critics by releasing his best album, Ã¢â¬Å"All eyes on me.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"All eyes on meÃ¢â¬ has currently sold around 6 Million copies, which is revolutionary for a double cd. Especially in Hip Hop music. As the album climbed the charts, ...
Monday, February 24, 2020
My Story of a Career in Medicine - Essay Example I focused on my education in order to realize my dreams. I was also keen to pursue my studies in the United States as I believed that it offered many opportunities to young medical aspirants. And ever since I came to the US my life has never been more dynamic. The educational system in the US has given me the freedom to choose my schedules and to record lectures. This in turn has provided me with ample time to do my other chores and to constantly keep in touch with the subject by listening to the lectures time and again. In addition the creative presentation of lectures by the professors has kept me engaged and challenged me to perform better in the subject. The lectures and experiments in Biology and Physics have perhaps been the most intriguing and motivating for me. God has been kind enough to bestow upon me the privilege of education and in return I have always wanted to reciprocate something back to the society especially for the under-privileged people. It is with this intent t hat I joined the Trio-Upward Bound program which conducted tutoring classes for students. The experience was tremendously fruitful not only for the students but also for me as I saw distinct improvement in my communication skills by the end of the program. The initial personal satisfaction of conveying the beauty of science to the students bloomed into an interest in teaching. As a math tutor and recently, a biochemistry teaching assistant, I have diligently introduced students to fascinating and interesting concepts. In return, I learned a great deal of useful information from the students, my colleagues and my coordinators. This tutoring experience also increased my circle of acquaintances and with whom I enjoyed the pleasure of pursuing our common interests.Ã Apart from tutoring I also served as a medical volunteer and worked as a medical shadow in a hospital. Coming from a country where medical accessibility is limited, I have always empathized with patients whose illness coul d have been prevented if they had the financial assistance or insurance to pay for the treatments. This interest in promoting healthcare to the lesser privileged individuals drove me to volunteer at a nonprofit clinic for uninsured patients. I experienced a spectrum of emotions ranging from sadness to pure joy during this service in the real medical world.Ã